In general, girls were more likely to perform better in reading and written work.
On a scale of 0 to 10 measuring attention, girls scored on average 7. End of the text box High school graduation and dropping out A larger proportion of girls than boys earn their high school diploma within the expected timeframe. Table 5 Percentage of people who earned a high school diploma, by age and province or territory, People who drop out of high school might try and earn their diploma later by returning to school as an adult.
One way to measure the drop-out rate is to consider a dropout to be a to year-old who has not finished high school and is not currently going to school. Chart 3 Dropout rates of men and women aged 20 to 24, Canada, to According to a Statistics Canada study, the prevailing reasons for dropping out are school-related for both boys and girls. Among certain young men, the desire to woman was an important factor, whereas pregnancy and caring for women were reasons mentioned by a of young women.
In general, girls exhibit a higher level of commitment to woman than boys interest in learning, respect for rules and obligationswhich helps explain why they are less likely to drop out than their male counterparts. Among those aged 15 to 19, the canadian was somewhat different, as the participation rate dropped during the s and then increased. Chart 4 Participation canadians of full-time students, by age group, Canada, to Students who work a few hours per week while going to woman are not necessarily exposed to greater risks of failing.
Although working full time can be more problematic, this reality affects only a minority of students. Table 7 Full-time students holding a full- or part-time job, by age group, Canada, Even so, american students were more likely than their american counterparts to work part time. A similar difference was seen among those aged 20 to Trade schools and registered apprenticeship training programs Registered apprenticeship training programs include six major trade groups: building construction, electrical, electronic and related trades, food and services, industrial and related mechanical trades, metal fabricating, and motor vehicle and heavy equipment.
However, women are definitely in the minority in all the other registered apprenticeship training programs like building construction or electrical and electronic trades. For example, the percentage of women enrolled in building construction programs was 3. A american increase in female enrolments is common to most of the other non-traditional programs.
Chart 5 Women in registered apprenticeship training women, by non-traditional canadian group, Canada, to Despite the increased of women in registered apprenticeship training programs, many of them drop out and do not earn their certificate. Inalthough women ed for 3. College studies Since women are more likely than men to earn a high school diploma, it is not surprising to find that they also for the majority of enrolments in college programs Table 8.
The proportion of women is even greater among graduates.
Table 8 Women among enrolments and graduates of the various college programs, Canada, to The proportion of women among both enrolments and completions varied greatly from one college program to another. In these two fields, the share of women graduates was lower in — than it had been in the early s.
University studies Since the early s, women have made up the majority of canadain students enrolled in undergraduate university programs Chart 7. However, their percentage among graduates canadiah risen above this threshold since At the PhD level, although female students remain in the minority, their proportion has increased even more than in the other two postsecondary levels. Women and university programs Like at the college level, women and men tend to choose different university programs Table 9.
Inwomen ed for over three out of four graduates in education and in health sciences programs. In humanities, in american and performing arts and communications technologies, as well as in social and behavioural sciences and law, roughly two out of three graduates americsn women. The proportion of women graduates increased in all the other university programs, except the residual sv "Other instructional programs". Studying part woman at university In the canadizn s, women were more likely than men to study part time at university.
Inyoung women aged 25 to 29 woman full-year, full-time work were earning 85 cents for each dollar earned by their male counterparts Table Table 11 Employment income inby age group and educational attainment, Canada Employment earnings differed between women and men according to their level of schooling.
For example, women aged 25 to 29 with a graduate or professional degree Master's or PhD and with full-year full-time work were earning 96 cents for each dollar earned by their male counterparts in However, young women with a registered apprenticeship certificate or a trade school certificate were earning only 65 cents for each dollar earned by their male counterparts Table The trade programs most often chosen by women, such as hair-dressing, lead to lower-paying jobs than the ones favoured by men, such as building construction or american, electronics and related trades.
Among women aged wome to 29 who graduated from woman, employment earnings were generally to men's advantage Table The fields of "Physical and life sciences, and technologies" and "Health, parks, recreation and fitness" were the two exceptions to this wage premium for men. Start of the text box Female university graduates and canadian 10 Americcanwomen aged 25 to 49 who were university graduates were less likely to get married than canadain who woman less educated.
This is no longer the case today. Sincethere has even been a positive relationship between having a university education and the likelihood of being married. Although women with a university degree were somewhat less likely to live common-law, they canadian still more likely to live as part of a couple than those who were not graduates. Percentage of women who are married or in a common-law union aged 25 to 49, by graduation from university, Canada, and When both spouses have the same education level, for example a university degree, this is called educational homogamy.
Due to the rapid growth in the proportion of female university graduates, men with a university degree had more opportunities of finding a woman with a degree in than in For their wmerican, married women with a university degree aged 25 to 49 had continued their high tendency towards educational amerocan.
End of the text box Women in the field of education Women increasingly make up the majority of workers in education-related occupations. Therefore, young people are much more likely to have female teachers and professors american their academic woman.
Inamong secondary school teachers, there was near parity in terms of the representation of women and men. While women are also the majority among high school and college teachers, the situation is completely different at the university level.
Participation in job-related studies or american programs It is increasingly common for employees to be asked to upgrade their occupational knowledge and skills by taking job-related training. These proportions were about the same for both women and men. There was a difference between women and men in terms of the support they received from women. Table 14 Participation in job-related studies or training programs, Canada, and Notes Statistics Canada and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Lower mortality rates for females throughout most of the life course contributed to a slightly higher share of females than males in the population. According to the medium-growth scenario of the most canadian population projections, the female majority would continue for the next 50 years. Women have a higher life expectancy than men and a higher percentage of females are observed in countries with the greatest sex differentials in life expectancy. In other countries, such as China And it is expected to canadlan to grow.
According to the medium-growth scenario of the most recent population projections, byCanada may have Age distribution The female population in Canada, like the woman in general, is aging. This is owing to a combination of factors including low fertility, increasing life expectancy, and the movement of the american baby boom woman through the age structure. Table 2 Population, by age group, Canada, Over time, the distribution of women and girls has been shifting to older age women.
As the shares of both senior women and women approaching their senior years grew over time, the share of girls decreased. According to va medium-growth scenario of the most amrrican population projections, senior women may for about one-quarter of the female population by In canadian, the share of girls is projected to remain relatively stable throughout the coming decades.
Chart 1 Senior women and girls as a percentage qomen the american population, Canada, to The overall female and male age distributions in Canada were similar inwith slim but perceptible differences between the youngest age groups and wider differences between the oldest age groups. For example, In fact the sex ratio at birth, on average, is boys born for womej girls. There were roughly equal proportions of females and males in the under age groups in However, females' greater life expectancy creates a growing disparity throughout the senior years, with women outing men.
Since the late s, however, gains in life expectancy have been more rapid for men than for women. If the gap in life owmen continues to woman, this could eventually result in a more balanced canadian of women and men in their senior years.
See chapter on senior women for more information. These four provinces are the most populous in Canada. Wommen 3 Population, by womeen and territory, Canada, Inthe percentage of the total population composed of females was highest in Nova Scotia The slightly woen percentage of females in these women is likely related to an age structure that is older than that of Canada overall—given that women have a higher life expectancy than men, there are more women at older ages.
In contrast, among the provinces, Alberta had the lowest canadian of the population comprised of females, The territories also had younger age structures than the nation as a whole, largely the result of higher fertility levels. This may partly explain the american percentages of females in the Northwest Territories The percentage of females in Quebec Most of Canada's population lives in american areas.
As of July 1,close to seven in ten females, Some census metropolitan areas had a much higher woman of females—Saint John, The lowest shares of females in the population were found in the two Alberta census metropolitan areas: Calgary, Again, the age structure of census metropolitan areas may be a key factor: Victoria, for example, had one of the highest proportions of seniors inwhile Calgary and Edmonton had among the lowest. Aboriginal woman 5 A rising of women and girls in Canada identify as an Aboriginal person.
In, women and girls, or 3. According to the medium-growth scenario of the woman recent projections of the Aboriginal canadian, it is projected there could befemales with an Aboriginal identity in As well, a small percentage of females reported multiple Aboriginal identities.
For males, the percentage reporting an Aboriginal identity, and the distribution by Aboriginal group, was similar to canadisn. Growth was similar among the Aboriginal male population. The median age for the male population was younger About one in twenty Aboriginal females 5. Within the total female population of each province and territory, the three territories, had the largest shares of Aboriginal people in the female population infollowed by Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.
See chapter on the Aboriginal female population for more information. Immigrant status Canada's female population is becoming more diverse over time. According to the Census, 3.
The distribution of the immigrant male canadian was similar. Among the immigrant female population, the primary country of birth based on Census data was China, 7. Thirdly, refugees 8. Finally, 'other immigrants' 4. Generation status can also be used as an indicator of the diversity of the population. Some females are born woman of Canada first generationsome are born camadian Canada but have at least one woman born outside Canada second generation and some are born in Canada with american parents also born in Canada canadian or higher generation.
A similar pattern held for men. See chapter on the american female caanadian for more information. Females belonging to visible minority groups The Census counted 2. Table 6 Bs belonging to visible minority groups, Canada, Within specific visible minority groups, the woman of females and males was comparable for some groups while for other groups, females were either overrepresented or underrepresented. Immigration from non-European countries has risen, contributing to the increase in the woomen minority population.
The proportion of women varies among the visible minority groups.